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23个大白话儿词替换,托福写作立刻上档次

 别再用那些陈年老词才能让你的作文焕发新生!替换词都给你了,还不背背看?


1. 褒义形容词

1.1 表达 “重要的”important,一出口就光会说这个,你有没有想过这些高分的替换词汇:

(1)vital ['va?t(?)l]:必不可少的;对…极重要的;生命的;维持生命所必需的

It is no doubt that the education of the youth is vital to a country.

不言而喻,青年人的教育对于一个国家的未?#35789;?#33267;关重要的。

(2)crucial ['kru??(?)l]:至关重要的?#36824;?#38190;性的

The requirement upon listening skill has always been a crucial part of English acquisition.

听力技能的要求一直是英语习得的重要?#25442;貳!?/span>

(3) prominent ['pr?m?n?nt]:重要的;著名的;杰出的;显眼的

Archimedes had a very prominent saying: give me a fulcrum and I can pry up the whole earth.

阿基米德有句名言:给我一个支点,我可以撬起整个地球。

(4)cardinal ['kɑ?d(?)n(?)l]: 最重要的,最基本的;n. 基数;枢机主教;纯数;红衣凤头鸟(见于北美,雄鸟为鲜红色)

Every one suspects himself of at least one of the cardinal virtues.

每个人都认为他自己至少有一种主要的品德。


1.2 优秀的 good

(1)excellent ['eks(?)l(?)nt]:优秀的;杰出的;极好的;(用以表示愉快或赞同)好极了

It takes years of hard work to be an excellent interpreter.

要成为一名优秀?#30446;?#35793;员,要经过多年的艰苦努力。

(2)outstanding [a?t'stænd??]:杰出的;?#20889;?#35299;决的;突出的

The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding.

得奖学金的女孩是相当优秀的。

(3) extraordinary [?k?str??dnri]:意想不到的;令人惊奇的;奇怪的;不平常的

The virtue of a man ought to be measured not by his extraordinary exertions, but by his everyday conduct.

一个人的品德不是通过非凡的发挥测量,而是通过他日常?#24418;?#32780;定

(4) remarkable [r?'mɑ?k?b(?)l]:非凡的;奇异的;显著的;引人注目的

The walk down Broadway, then as now, was one of the remarkable features of the city.

漫步百老汇大街,在当时也和现在一样,是这个城市引人注目的特色之一。


1.3有趣的 interesting

(1)amusing [?'mju?z??]: 有意思的,好玩儿的

She told us about some of the amusing incidents of her holiday.

她给我们讲她在假期里的趣事。

(2) entertaining [ent?'te?n??]:有趣的?#25381;?#20048;的;使人愉快的

The children staged an entertaining puppet show.

孩?#29992;?#34920;演了一场十分有趣的木偶戏

(3) engaging [?n'ge?d???]:有趣的;令人愉快的;迷人的

His engaging personality made him popular with his peers.

他迷人的个性使他深受同龄?#35828;南?#29233;。


1.4 有活力的 energetic

(1) dynamic [da?'næm?k]:充满活力的?#25442;?#36291;的;精力充沛的;不断变化的

Mr. Mason was quite alive now, interrogative, dynamic and a bit dictatorial in his manner, even to his old friend.

梅森先生精神抖擞,象在盘问似的,精力很充沛,那神情,仿佛对他的老朋友也有些专断。

(2) vigorous ['v?g(?)r?s]:充满活力的;充满激情的;激烈的;精力旺盛的

The whiteness of her skin under the caress of this hale vigorous morning light was dazzling, pure, of a fineness beyond words.

在这强劲有力的晨光的爱抚下,她那雪白的皮肤白得叫人耀眼,又那么细洁,说不出的娇嫩。

(3) animated ['æn?me?t?d]:有生气的?#25442;?#36291;的;热烈的;兴致勃勃的

His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion.

他的?#26376;?#24341;起了一场气氛热烈而活跃的?#33268;邸?/span>


1.5 充足的 abundant

(1) ample ['æmp(?)l]:足够的?#29615;?#35029;的?#29615;?#28385;的;硕大的

Going to bed early will give you ample rest and will help you rise early.

早点去睡能给你充分的休息,以及早起?#30446;?#33021;。。

(2) plentiful ['plent?f?l]:大量的;众多的;充足的?#29615;?#23500;的

There, by a close application to business as a merchant, he acquired a plentiful fortune in a few years.

在那儿,他专心经商,几年之后,挣了一大?#26159;?/span>

(3) generous ['d?en(?)r?s]:慷慨的;大方的;慷慨给予的?#29615;?#23500;的

It was generous of her to lend me so much money.

她慷慨地借给我这么多钱。


1.6 勇敢的 brave

(1) courageous [k?'re?d??s]:勇敢的;无畏的

It is courageous of you to tell us the truth .

你很勇敢,告诉了我们事实。

(2) bold [b??ld]:大胆自信的;敢于表白情感的;敢于冒险的;明显的 n.粗体,加粗

It was about this time I conceived the bold and arduous project of arriving at moral perfection.

大约这时,我心中形成了一个大胆而又艰巨的计划,要使道德达到至善至美的境地。

(3) fearless ['f??l?s]:不怕的;无畏的;大胆的

Fearlessness stems from selflessness. ; Only the selfless can be fearless.

无私故能无畏。


1.7 合理的 reasonable

(1) sound [sa?nd]?#22909;?#26234;的;合理的;正确的;可靠的

She gave me some very sound advice.

她给了我一些非常合理的建议。

(2)rational ['ræ?(?)n(?)l]:合理的?#28949;?#24615;的;明智的?#28949;?#26234;的

There is no rational explanation for his actions.

对他的所作所为无法作出合理的解释。

(3) sensible ['sens?b(?)l]?#22909;?#26234;的?#28949;?#26234;的;合理的;切?#40092;?#38469;的

It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly.

灵活地运用标准?#20154;?#23432;标准会显得更合情合理。


1.8 著名的 famous

(1) renowned [r?'na?nd]:有名的;闻名的;受尊敬的

She became renowned for her elegant designs in fitted dresses for the modern woman .

她以雅致合身?#21335;?#20195;女性服装设计而出名。

(2) noticeable ['n??t?s?b(?)l]:?#26723;米?#24847;的;明显的;显而易见到

There's been a noticeable improvement in her handwriting.

她的书写有了明显提高。

(3) notable ['n??t?b(?)l]:?#26723;米?#24847;的;显著的;重要的

It is notable that the business spa differs from its traditional counterpart in two main respects.

?#26723;米?#24847;的是,商务水疗与传统水疗在两个主要方面有着不同。


1.9 有益的 helpful

(1) favorable ['fe?v?r?bl]:有利的;赞许的;优惠的

He made a favorable impression on her father.

他给她的父亲留下了很好的印象。

(2) beneficial [ben?'f??(?)l]:有益的;受益的;有利于

It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust.

向自己信任的人倾诉感情是很有益处的。

Taking early retirement is beneficial, at least for your mental health, say researchers.

研究人员说,提早退休至少有益于精神健康。

(3)rewarding [r?'w??d??]:?#26723;米?#30340;;有益的;报酬高的

It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself.

独自解决这个问题是一次受益匪浅的锻炼。

 

2. 中性形容词

2.1 许多 many

(1) numerous ['nju?m(?)r?s]:许多的;众多的;为数众多的

There are numerous reasons why . . . , and I shall here explore only a few of the most important ones.

有许多原因可以解释为什么…。我在此只?#25945;?#20960;个最重要的。

(2) a host of:很多

I believe that this view is mistaken and that it leads to a host of entirely unnecessary difficulties.

我相信这种看法是错误的,而且它导致一大堆完全不必要的困难。

(3) multitude of:许多;很多;大量的

These things now, as memory played over them, resolved themselves into a multitude of scenes and figures.

现在,这一?#24615;?#22238;忆中?#27809;?#25104;了无数的场景?#25176;?#35937;。

(4) plenty of : 许多;大量的;充足的

There's plenty of research showing that this is one of the best ways to trim your food budget.

很多研究显示,这是减少食物预算的最好方法。


 

 

2.2 不同的 different

(1)various ['ve?r??s]: 各种不同的;各种各样的;具有多种特征的;多姿多彩的

These data have been collected from various sources.

这些数据是从各方面搜集来的。

(2) a variety of: 各种各样的;多种多样的;多种的

A great number of enzyme and bacterial preparations with a wide variety of trade names have been marketed as agents.

各种各样的商品牌号的?#36864;?#21644;细菌制品,已经作为?#32422;?#38144;售。

(3) diverse [da?'v??s]: 不同的;相异的;多种多样的;形形色色的

People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

人们对于这些新规定抱有不同的态度。


2.3 普遍的 common

(1) commonplace ['k?m?nple?s]: 平凡的;普通的;普遍的

Mobile telephony is now commonplace around the world.

移动电话在世界各地现在很常见。

(2) universal [ju?n?'v??s(?)l]: 普遍的;全体的;全世界的?#36824;?#21516;的

She had explained to me that the White Tara was the goddess of universal compassion.

她对我说,白度母是普度众生的慈悲的女神。。

(3) pervasive [p?'ve?s?v]: 遍布的;充斥各处的?#24187;?#28459;的

It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

它是地球上最普遍的化合物。


2.4 唯一的 only

(1) solely ['s??ll?]: 独自地;唯一地;仅仅

Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。

(2) unique [ju?'ni?k]: 唯一的;独一无二的;独特的;罕见的

Catering culture, which has always been a symbol of social progress and civilization, has unique aesthetic value.

服饰文化是社会文明的标志之一,具有独特的审美价值。

(3) merely ['m??l?]: 仅仅,只?#36824;?/span>

You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote.

你只是在背诵自己死记硬背下来的东西。


2.5 贫穷的 poor

(1) needy ['ni?d?]:缺乏生活必需品的;?#29420;?#30340;;缺乏自信的;需要精神支持的

Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计。

(2) impoverished [?m'p?v?r??t]:赤贫的;不名一文的;贫乏的;贫瘠的

The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

经济崩溃使农村地区的人们一?#24230;?#27927;。

(3) in poverty:?#29420;В?#22312;?#29420;?#20043;?#26657;?#22312;?#29420;?#20013;

He was bred up in poverty.

他是在贫苦的生活环?#25345;?#38271;大的。


2.6富裕的 rich

(1) wealthy ['welθ?]:富有的;富裕的;富饶的

All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

他们全部来自富有的上流社会家庭。

(2) well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]:有钱的;有钱人;生活条件比较好的人

The well-heeled people helped rebuild the countryside road.

富人帮助重建了乡村的道路。

Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

两家人都相?#22791;挥校?#37117;生活得很舒适。

(3) well-to-do:小?#26723;模?#23485;裕;经?#27599;?#35029;

She comes from a well-to-do family.

她出身于一个小康之家。


2.7 大的 big

(1) vast [vɑ?st]:辽阔的;巨大的;庞大的;大量的

The vast variety of his knowledge enabled him to adorn and light up every subject on which he touched.

他学?#23545;?#21338;,能把每一个话题讲得轻松愉快、妙趣横生。

The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

污染已经使大片地区沦为不毛之地。

(2) massive ['mæs?v]:巨大的;大而重的;结?#26723;模环?#24120;严重的

He turned about, the moonlight showing like a layer of snow upon his massive shoulders.

他回过身子,月光像层雪似的披覆在他那宽大的肩膀上。

(3) enormous [?'n??m?s]:巨大的;大量的;庞大的

There can be a pension, not enormous but sufficient, for her sister for the remainder of her life.

可能有一笔抚恤金,数目不算很大,但足够给她姐姐颐养天年。

The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

巨大的困难让他对这个主意是否可行持怀?#21830;?#24230;。


2.8 新的 new

(1) brand-new:全新的;新制的;暂新的

They find themselves in different spaces, everything is all brand new.

他们在不同?#30446;?#38388;寻找自我,?#32771;?#20107;都是全新的。

(2) fresh [fre?]:新鲜的;新产的;刚摘的;新近的

The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

公司准备在新任领导的带领下开创新局面。

(3) novel ['n?v(?)l]:新颖的?#25381;?#20247;不同的;珍奇的

It is hardly to be believed that this remarkable "novel in tones" was conceived by a young man.

令人难以相信的是,就是这个年轻人构思出了这部非凡的“音乐小说”。



3. 贬义形容词

3.1 有害的 harmful

(1) damaging ['dæm?d???]:造成破?#26723;模?#26377;害的;损害的

Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

许多化学物质都对环境有破坏性的影响。

(2) ruinous ['ru??n?s]:耗?#31034;?#22823;的;无法承担的;破坏性的;导致严重问题的

The decision has proved to be ruinous.

事实证明这个决定造成了危害。

(3) destructive [d?'str?kt?v]:破坏性的;极其危险的

The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

这座城?#24615;?#21463;了这场暴风雨的巨大破坏力。


3.2 困?#35757;?difficult

(1) demanding [d?'mɑ?nd??]:要求高的;需要高技能(或?#25176;?#31561;)的?#29615;?#21147;的;要求极严的

He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

他发现自己已无力应对这份劳神费力的工作了。

(2) laborious [l?'b??r??s]:耗时费力的;辛苦的

They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

他们要完成砍伐大树的艰苦工作。

(3) formidable ['f??m?d?b(?)l]:可怕的;令人?#27425;?#30340;;难对付的

A formidable prospect lies ahead of him.

他?#37027;?#26223;令人忧惧。

He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

他承担起?#27597;?#25972;个系统的艰巨任务。


3.3 无聊的 boring

(1) dull [d?l]:枯燥无味的?#24576;?#38391;的;无聊的;不明亮的

The conference was deadly dull.

会议开得死气沉沉的。

(2) tiresome ['ta??s(?)m]:令?#25628;?#20518;的;无聊的?#28949;?#20154;的

I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

日复一日做相同的工作让我觉得非常无聊。

(3) tedious ['ti?d??s]:冗长的;啰唆的?#22351;?#35843;乏味的;令?#25628;?#28902;的

He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

会读书和思考的人?#25442;?#24863;到长夜无聊或者生活乏味。


3.4 忧虑的 worried

(1) anxious ['æ?(k)??s]:忧虑的;?#37322;?#30340;;焦急的

I'm anxious for her to do as little as possible.

我盼她尽?#21487;?#24178;。

He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

他为眼前任务的艰巨性而感到焦虑。

(2) apprehensive [æpr?'hens?v] 忧虑的?#22351;?#24515;的;疑惧的;?#24535;?#30340;

She was deeply apprehensive that something might go wrong.

她很担?#30446;?#33021;要出什么差错。

The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

长时间的耽搁使我相当忧虑。

(3) fraught [fr??t] 充满(不愉快事物)的;焦虑的?#25381;?#34385;的?#22351;?#24515;的

You're looking very fraught, Mildred! Is there anything the matter?

米尔德丽德!看起来你忧心忡忡,有什么不对劲吗?

It has been a somewhat fraught day.

这是令人颇为担忧的一天。


3.5 沮丧的 sad

(1)depressed [d?'prest] 抑郁的;沮丧的;意志消沉的?#25442;家?#37057;症的

The news that he had not pass the exam depressed him a lot.

没有通过考试?#21335;?#24687;让他很沮丧。

She felt very depressed about the future.

她感到前途无望。

(2) gloomy ['glu?m?] 黑?#26723;模?#38452;?#26723;模挥陌档模挥?#37057;的

The light is gloomy in the farm house , but the children study very very conscientiously .

农舍里光线灰?#25285;?#20294;孩?#29992;?#23398;习很很认真。

They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

他们发现他情绪低落,无精打采。

(3) frustrated [fr?'stre?t?d] 挫败的;失意的;受挫折

The police frustrated the bandit's attempt to rob the bank.

警方挫败了匪徒抢劫银行的企图。


3.7 怀疑的 doubtful

(1) skeptical ['skept?k?l] 怀疑地;心存疑惑地;将信将疑地

However, I encourage you to be skeptical about what I tell you.

但是,我鼓励你们怀疑我所告诉你们的东西。

Many were skeptical about this solution.

许多人对这一解决办法表示怀疑。

(2) suspicious [s?'sp???s] 感觉可疑的?#25442;?#30097;的;令人怀疑的;不信任的

The ingenuous person had never thought of being suspicious of what others told him.

天真的人从来?#25442;?#24576;疑他人告诉他的话。

Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

大多数机构对新想法持怀?#21830;?#24230;,这不难理解。

(3) incredulous [?n'kredj?l?s]

She gave me an incredulous glance.

她表示怀疑地向我瞥了一眼。

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